POL 628: SEMINAR IN COMPARATIVE PARTIES AND ELECTIONS
The University of Mississippi
Spring 2008, Monday 13:30 - 16:00, 131 Deupree Hall
Instructor: Dr. Gang Guo * Office: 128 Deupree Hall * Telephone: (662) 915-5419 * e-mail: gg at olemiss dot edu
Office hours: by appointment
This graduate seminar covers a wide variety of topics associated with political parties, party systems, and elections.
It introduces students to a core selection of texts as well as some more recent developments on the comparative study of political parties and elections.
While the classic literature in this subfield focuses mainly upon the advanced industrial democracies in Western Europe, we shall also broaden our scope to investigate these topics in many different types of settings.
For example, with the transitions to democracy across the world numerous questions are beginning to be addressed for the first time in countries outside of Western Europe.
How do these new cases affect the generalizations built upon the European parties and elections?
There are many different theoretical and methodological topics that we will discuss during this semester.
In order to cover as many materials as possible, a division of labor is required.
All students will read a certain amount of material in common as indicated on the syllabus.
Besides, every week one student will prepare a 3-page annotated bibliography of additional readings on the topic for that week.
The annotated bibliography and a short 10 minutes presentation of it during class account for 20% of your course grade.
In addition, every week a 3-page paper is required from each student, except the one who prepares that week's annotated bibliography.
The paper should review and evaluate all (or almost all) of the week's readings, focusing on some of the key concepts, assumptions, major arguments, debates, methodology, measurement issues, substantive contributions, and/or empirical or theoretical implications.
The papers will constitute 30% of your final grade.
The paper and the annotated bibliography should be posted on the course blog by the Sunday afternoon before each class.
Seminar participation for all students will constitute 20% of the course grade.
Finally, there is a research design that will account for 30% of grade.
You should approach this research design as the "front half" of a journal article, including a literature review, theory, methodology, and discussion of data sources.
Ideally, your research design would make a contribution to the current debate in one of the many research programs in the comparative study of parties and elections.
On April 21, each student will present his or her research design in class so that comments, suggestions, or criticism can be given for the final revision.
The final research design paper is due at noon on Monday, May 5.
The following books are used in their entirety (or almost so) in this course:
- Lijphart, Arend. 1994. Electoral Systems and Party Systems. Oxford University Press.
- Mair, Peter. 1990. The West European Party System. Oxford University Press.
- Ware, Alan. 1996. Political Parties and Party Systems. Oxford University Press.
The rest of the readings are available either on this course website or at the University of Mississippi libraries website.
|Month||Date||Topic||Required Readings||Bibliography by||BP Award
|January||28||Introduction||Ware 1996:1-13; Caramani & Hug 1998; Daalder 2002:39-57; Montero & Gunther 2002:1-35; Webb 2002:1-15; Reiter 2006
|February||4||Parties||Origin||Mair 1990:25-45; Aldrich 1995:28-64; Gunther & Diamond 2003||Alyson||Ginger
|11||Ideology||Ware 1996:17-62,124-133; Bohrer et al. 2000; Imbeau et al. 2001; Kim & Fording 2003||Bridget||Alyson
|18||Members||Mair 1990:37-60; Ware 1996:63-92,134-138; Muller & Katz 1997; Mair & Biezen 2001; Seyd & Whiteley 2004||Ginger||Bridget
|25||Organizations||Ware 1996:93-123,139-143; Koole 1996; Katz & Mair 1996; Wolinetz 2002||Daniel||Chris
|Classification||Mair 1990:285-349; Ware 1996:147-183; Bogaards 2004||Christopher||Alyson
|17||Differences||Ware 1996:184-212; Coppedge 1998; Kriesi 1998||Alyson||Bridget
|24||(In-)Stability||Mair 1990:218-246; Ware 1996:213-244; Roberts & Wibbels 1999; Scotto et al. 2004||Ginger||Alyson
|31||Emergence||Miller et al. 2000; Sitter 2002; Zielinski 2002; Mozaffar et al. 2003||Christopher||Alyson
|Classification||Lijphart 1994:10-56; Norris 2004:6-84||Bridget||Chris
|14||Consequences||Lijphart 1994:57-138; Carey & Shugart 1995; Amorim Neto & Cox 1997||Daniel||Ginger
|21||presentation of student research design||
|28||Changes||Taagepera & Shugart 1989:201-237; Lijphart 1994:139-152; Boix 1999; Benoit 2004||
- Aldrich, John Herbert. 1995. Why Parties? The Origin and Transformation of Political Parties in America. Chicago, IL: The University of Chicago Press.
- Amorim Neto, Octavio and Gary W. Cox. 1997. "Electoral Institutions, Cleavage Structures, and the Number of Parties." American Journal of Political Science, Volume 41, Issue 1, January, pp. 149-174.
- Benoit, Kenneth. Models of Electoral System Change." Electoral Studies, Volume 23, Issue 3, September 2004, pages 363-389.
- Biezen, Ingrid van. 2003. Political Parties in New Democracies: Party Organization in Southern and East-Central Europe. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan.
- Birch, Sarah. 2004. Electoral Systems and Political Transformation in Post-Communist Europe. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan.
- Bogaards, Matthijs. 2004. "Counting Parties and Identifying Dominant Party Systems in Africa." European Journal of Political Research, Volume 43, Issue 2, March, pp. 173-197.
- Bohrer, Robert E. II, Alexander C. Pacek, and Benjamin Radcliff. 2000. "Electoral Participation, Ideology, and Party Politics in Post-Communist Europe." The Journal of Politics, Volume 62, Number 4, November, pp. 1161-1172.
- Boix, Carles. 1999. "Setting the Rules of the Game: The Choice of Electoral Systems in Advanced Democracies." American Political Science Review 93(3): 609-624.
- Bozoki, Andras and John T. Ishiyama. 2002. The Communist Successor Parties of Central and Eastern Europe. Armonk, NY: M.E. Sharpe.
- Caramani, Daniele and Simon Hug. 1998. "The Literature on European Parties and Party Systems since 1945: A Quantitative Analysis." European Journal of Political Research, Volume 33, Issue 4, June, pp. 497-524.
- Carey, John M., and Matthew Soberg Shugart, eds. 1998. Executive Decree Authority: Calling Out the Tanks, or Filling Out the Forms? New York: Cambridge University Press. Introduction and Conclusion, and choose 2 country chapters.
- Carey, John M., and Matthew Soberg Shugart. 1995. "Incentives to Cultivate a Personal Vote: a Rank Ordering of Electoral Formulas." Electoral Studies 14:417-439.
- Coppedge, M. 1998. "The Dynamic Diversity of Latin American Party Systems." Party Politics, Volume 4, Number 4, pp. 547ĘC568.
- Cox, Gary. 1998. Making Votes Count: Strategic Coordination in the World's Electoral Systems. New York: Cambridge University Press.
- Daalder, Hans. 2002. "Parties: Denied, Dismissed, or Redundant? A Critique." Political Parties: Old Concepts and New Challenges, edited by Richard Gunther, Jose Ramon-Montero, and Juan J. Linz. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, pages 39-57.
- Dalton, Russell J. 2002. Citizen Politics: Public Opinion and Political Parties in Advanced Industrial Democracies. New York, NY: Chatham House Publishers/Seven Bridges Press.
- Dalton, Russell J., Scott Flanagan, and Paul Allen Beck, eds. 1984. Electoral Change in Advanced Industrial Democracies: Realignment or Dealignment? Princeton: Princeton University Press. Read Chapters 1, 2, and 15 and several of chapters 4-14.
- Dalton, Russell J. and Martin P. Wattenberg, eds. 2000. Parties Without Partisans: Political Change in Advanced Industrial Democracies. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
- Dunleavy, Patrick, and Francoise Boucek. 2003. "Constructing the Number of Parties." Party Politics, Volume 9, Number 3, May, pp. 291-315.
- Evans, Jocelyn AJ. 2002. "In Defence of Sartori: Party System Change, Voter Preference Distributions and Other Competitive Incentives." Party Politics, Volume 8, Number 2, March, pp. 155-174.
- Farrell, David M. 2001. Electoral Systems: A Comparative Introduction. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan.
- Giliomee H. and C. Simkins, eds. 1999. The Awkward Embrace: One-party Domination and Democracy. Amsterdam: Harwood,
- Gill, Graeme J. and Roderic Pitty. 1997. Power in the Party: The Organization of Power and Central-Republican Relations in the CPSU. New York, NY: St. Martin's Press.
- Gunther, Richard and Larry Diamond. 2003. "Species of Political Parties: A New Typology." Party Politics, Volume 9, Number 2, pp. 167-199.
- Hug, Simon. 2001. Altering Party Systems: Strategic Behavior and the Emergence of New Political Parties in Western Democracies. Read chapters 4 and 5.
- Ishiyama, John T. 2001. "Party Organization and the Political Success of the Communist Successor Parties." Social Science Quarterly, December, Volume 82, Number 4, pp. 844-864.
- Imbeau, Louis M., Francois Petry, and Moktar Lamari. 2001. "Left-Right Party Ideology and Government Policies: A Meta-Analysis." European Journal of Political Research, Volume 40, Number 5, pp. 1-29.
- Janda Kenneth, Robert Harmel, Christine Edens, and Patricia Goff. 1995. "Changes in Party Identity: Evidence from Party Manifestos." Party Politics, Volume 1, Issue 2, April, pp. 171-196.
- Jones, Mark P. 1993. "The Political Consequences of Electoral Laws in Latin America and the Caribbean." Electoral Studies 12(1): 59-75.
- Jones, Mark P. 1994. "Presidential Election Laws and Multipartism in Latin America." Political Research Quarterly 47: 41-57.
- Katz, Richard S. and Peter Mair. 1995. "Changing Models of Party Organization and Party Democracy: The Emergence of the Cartel Party." Party Politics, Volume 1, Issue 1, January, pp. 5-28.
- Katz, Richard S. and Peter Mair. 1996. "Cadre, Catch-All or Cartel?: A Rejoinder." Party Politics, Volume 2, Issue 4, October, pp. 527-536.
- Katz, Richard S. and Peter Mair. 2002. "The Ascendancy of the Party in Public Office: Party Organizational Change in Twentieth-Century Democracies." Political Parties: Old Concepts and New Challenges, edited by Richard Gunther, Jose Ramon Montero, and Juan J. Linz. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
- Kim, Heemin and Richard C. Fording. 2003. "Voter Ideology in Western Democracies: An Update." European Journal of Political Research, Volume 42, Issue 1, pp. 95-105.
- Kirchheimer, Otto. 1966. "The Transformation of the Western European Party Systems." Political Parties and Political Development, edited by Joseph LaPalombara and Myron Weiner. Princeton: Princeton University Press, pp. 177-200.
- Kitschelt, Herbert. 1988. "Left-Libertarian Parties." World Politics 40:194-234.
- Kitschelt, Herbert. 1997. The Radical Right in Western Europe. Ann Arbor: Michigan University Press. Read Chapters 1, 2 and several country cases.
- Kitschelt, Herbert. 1999. "European Social Democracy between Political Economy and Electoral Competition." Continuity and Change in Contemporary Capitalism, Herbert Kitschelt et. al., eds. New York: Cambridge University Press, pp. 317-345.
- Koole, Ruud. 1996. "Cadre, Catch-All or Cartel? A Comment on the Notion of the Cartel Party." Party Politics, Volume 2, Number 4, October, pp. 507-523.
- Kreuzer, Marcus. 1998. "Electoral Institutions, Political Organization, and Party Development: French and German Socialists and Mass Politics." Comparative Politics, Volume 30, Number 3, pp. 273-292.
- Kriesi H. 1998. "The Transformation of Cleavage Politics: The 1997 Stein Rokkan Lecture." European Journal of Political Research, Volume 33, Issue 2, March, pp. 165-185.
- Laver, Michael and Norman Schofield. 1990. Multiparty Government: The Politics of Coalition in Europe. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
- Lewis, Paul G. 2001. Political Parties in Post-Communist Eastern Europe. London; New York: Routledge.
- Lijphart, Arend. 1994. Electoral Systems and Party Systems. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
- Lipset, Seymour Martin and Stein Rokkan. 1967. "Cleavage Structures, Party Systems, and Voter Alignments: An Introduction." Party Systems and Voter Alignments, edited by Seymour Martin Lipset and Stein Rokkan. New York: Free Press, pp. 1-64.
- Lucardie P. 2000. "Prophets, Purifiers and Prolocutors: Towards a Theory on the Emergence of New Parties." Party Politics, Volume 6, Issue 2, April, pp. 175-185.
- Mainwaring, Scott. 1998. "Party Systems in the Third Wave." Journal of Democracy, Volume 9, Issue 3, July, pp. 67-81.
- Mainwaring , Scott and Matthew Soberg Shugart, eds. 1997. Presidentialism and Democracy in Latin America, New York: Cambridge University Press. Introduction and Conclusion, and choose 2 country chapters.
- Mair, Peter, ed. 1990. The West European Party System. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Read Chapters 1, 3, 10, 20-24.
- Mair, Peter. 1998. Party System Change: Approaches and Interpretations. Oxford, UK: Clarendon Press.
- Mair, Peter and Ingrid Van Biezen. 2001. "Party Membership in Twenty European Democracies, 1980ĘC2000." Party Politics 7:5-21.
- Miller, Arthur, Gwyn Erb, William M. Reisinger, and Vicki L. Hesli. 2000. "Emerging Party Systems in Post-Soviet Societies: Fact or Fiction?" The Journal of Politics, Volume 62, Number 2, May, pp 455-490.
- Montero, Jose Ramon and Richard Gunther. 2002. "Introduction: Reviewing and Reassessing Parties." Political Parties: Old Concepts and New Challenges, edited by Richard Gunther, Jose Ramon-Montero, and Juan J. Linz. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, pages 1-35.
- Mozaffar, Shaheen, James R. Scarritt, and Glen Galaich. 2003. "Electoral Institutions, Ethnopolitical Cleavages, and Party Systems in Africa's Emerging Democracies." American Political Science Review, Volume 97, Number 3, August, pages 379 - 390.
- Muller, Wolfgang C. and Richard S. Katz. 1997. "Nominations and Reflections: Party as Linkage." European Journal of Political Research, Volume 31, pages 169-178.
- Norris, Pippa. 2004. Electoral Engineering: Voting Rules and Political Behavior. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
- Powell, G. Bingham, Jr. 2000. Elections as Instruments of Democracy: Majoritarian and Proportional Visions. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
- Przeworski, Adam and John Sprague. 1986. Paper Stones: A History of Electoral Socialism. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
- Reiter, Howard L. 2006. "The Study of Political Parties, 1906-2005: The View from the Journals." American Political Science Review, Volume 100, Issue 4, November, pp. 613-618.
- Riedwyl, Hans and Jurg Steiner. 1995. "What Is Proportionality Anyhow?" Comparative Politics, Volume 27, Issue 3, April, pp. 357-369.
- Roberts, Kenneth and Erik Wibbels. 1999. "Party Systems and Electoral Volatility in Latin America: A Test of Economic, Institutional, and Structural Explanations." American Political Science Review 93(3):575-590.
- Rose, Richard and Derek Urwin. 1970. "Persistence and Change in Western Party Systems since 1945." Political Studies 18(3): 287-319.
- Sartori, Giovanni. 1969. "European Political Parties: The Case of Polarized Pluralism." In Political Parties and Political Development, Joseph LaPalombara and Myron Weiner, eds. Princeton: Princeton University Press, pp. 137-176.
- Sartori, Giovanni. 1976. Parties and Party Systems: A Framework for Analysis. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
- Scarrow, Susan. 1996. Parties and Their Members: Organizing for Victory in Britain and Germany. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
- Scarrow, Susan. 2000. In Dalton, Russell J. and Martin P. Wattenberg, eds. Parties Without Partisans: Political Change in Advanced Industrial Democracies. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
- Scotto, Thomas J., Laura B. Stephenson, and Allan Kornberg. 2004. "From a Two-party-plus to a One-party-plus? Ideology, vote choice, and prospects for a competitive party system in Canada." In Electoral Studies, Volume 23, Issue 3, September, pages 463-483.
- Seyd, Patrick and Paul Whiteley. 2004. "British Party Members: An Overview." Party Politics, Volume 10, Number 4, July, pages 355-366.
- Shugart, Matthew Soberg, and John M. Carey. 1992. Presidents and Assemblies: Constitutional Design and Electoral Dynamics. New York: Cambridge University Press.
- Shugart, Matthew Soberg. 1995. "The Electoral Cycle and Institutional Sources of Divided Presidential Government." American Political Science Review 89:327-43.
- Sitter, Nick. 2002. "Cleavages, Party Strategy and Party System Change in Europe, East and West." In Perspectives on European Politics and Society, Volume 3, Number 3, pages 425-451.
- Taagepera, Rein, and Matthew Soberg Shugart. 1989. Seats and Votes: The Effects and Determinants of Electoral Systems. New Haven: Yale University Press.
- Webb, Paul. 2002. "Introduction: Political Parties in Advanced Industrial Democracies." Political Parties in Advanced Industrial Democracies, edited by Paul Webb, David Farrell, and Ian Holliday, Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, pages 1-15.
- Webb, Paul. 2002. "Conclusion: Political Parties and Democratic Control in Advanced Industrial Societies." Political Parties in Advanced Industrial Democracies, edited by Paul Webb, David Farrell, and Ian Holliday, Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, pages 438-460.
- Wolinetz, Steven B. 2002. "Beyond the Catch-All Party: Approaches to the Study of Parties and Party Organization in Contemporary Democracies." Political Parties: Old Concepts and New Challenges, edited by Richard Gunther, Jose Ramon-Montero, and Juan J. Linz. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, pages 136-165.
- Zielinski, Jakub. 2002. "Translating Social Cleavages into Party Systems: The Significance of New Democracies." World Politics, Volume 54, Number 2, January, pp. 184-211.