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Inventory of the Ku Klux Klan Collection (MUM00254)

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Descriptive Summary
PURL:
http://purl.oclc.org/umarchives/MUM00254/
Collector:
University of Mississippi
Title:
Ku Klux Klan Collection
Inclusive Dates:
1955-1978,
undated
Materials in:
English
Abstract:
Correspondence, pamphlets, publications, newspaper clippings, and other materials related to the revival of the Ku Klux Klan in the South after World War II. Contains materials about Klan activity in the following states: Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, and Tennessee.
Quantity:
2.26 cubic ft.
Number:
MUM00254
Location:
D-15
Repository :
The University of Mississippi
J.D. Williams Library, Archives & Special Collections
J.D. Williams Library, Department of Archives and Special Collections
P.O. Box 1848, University, MS 38677-1848, USA
Phone: 662.915.7408
Fax: 662.915.5734
E-Mail: archive@olemiss.edu
URL: http://www.olemiss.edu/depts/general_library/archives/
Cite as:
Ku Klux Klan Collection (MUM00254). Archives & Special Collections, J.D. Williams Library, The University of Mississippi

Historical Sketch
The Ku Klux Klan was the largest and best known of the secret societies and vigilante groups formed after the Civil War by ex-Confederates and Democrats opposed to the policies of Reconstruction. Initially formed as a social group, the Klan became notorious for its efforts to maintain white political and economic control in the South by threatening, assaulting, or murdering former slaves, black politicians, and white Republicans who supported Reconstruction. Some of the Klan's prominent members, despite their agreement with the principles of white supremacy, distanced themselves from the lawlessness that characterized the organization. By the 1880s, when Democrats had regained political power in the South, the Klan began to wane in membership and influence.
In 1915, the Ku Klux Klan re-emerged, this time spreading well beyond the South. The Klan's popularity in this period reflected widespread nativist sentiment aroused by a flood of new immigrants, particularly Catholics and Jews from Eastern Europe, who were viewed by many Americans as threats to the economic and religious stability of the United States. The Klan continued to espouse white supremacy, and was responsible for many of the lynchings that took place across the South in the early twentieth century. Internal strife and federal intervention contributed to the weakening of the Klan, but it continued to exist in the 1930s and 1940s.
While the Klan never again reached its 1920s membership levels, the civil rights movement of the 1950s and 1960s inspired renewed Klan activity, especially in the South. Whenever black citizens took action to gain their rights, the Klan gained in popularity. The White Knights of the Ku Klux Klan, located in Mississippi, was the most prominent order active in the post-World War II period. The White Knights and local Klan organizations in other states were responsible for numerous acts of intimidation, violence, and murder against civil rights activists and supporters. Violence by the Klan grew after the 1954 U.S. Supreme Court decision in Brown v. Board of Education and throughout the 1960s, when civil rights groups increased their efforts to achieve desegregation and voting rights. The Klan also operated a wide-scale publicity campaign to disseminate its viewpoints and recruit new members.

Scope and Content Note
This collection documents the second Ku Klux Klan revival following World War II. It contains printed material related to Klan organizations in Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, and Tennessee between 1955 and 1978. The material is housed in two boxes and is organized according to the state where it was created.
Box 1 includes printed material created by Klan organizations in several states, including broadsides and broadsheets, member correspondence, membership cards and applications, bumper stickers, calling cards, typed statements, pamphlets, and publications. Also included in this box are newspapers clippings and printed items about the Klan prepared by the Anti-Defamation League of B'Nai B'Rith. Box 2 contains oversize Klan publications from Louisiana and Alabama.
This collection provides evidence of similarities and differences between Ku Klux Klan groups in various states across the South and Mid-Atlantic regions. It also documents the variety of methods used by Klansmen to disseminate information, recruit members, and pressure community members and business owners to support its goals.

Restrictions
Copyright Restrictions
This collection is protected from unauthorized copying by the Copyright Law of the United States (Title 17, United States Code).
The copyright law of the United States (Title 17, United States Code) governs the making of photocopies or other reproductions of copyrighted material. Under certain conditions specified in the law, libraries and archives are authorized to furnish a photocopy or other reproduction. One of these specified conditions is that the photocopy or reproduction is not to be "used for any purpose other than private study, scholarship or research." If a user makes a request for, or later uses, a photocopy or reproduction for purposes in excess of "fair use", that user may be liable for copyright infringement.

Index Terms
Hate groups - United States
Ku Klux Klan (1915-) - Southern States
Mississippi - Race relations - History
Violence

Collection History
Provenance
The Ku Klux Klan collection was created by compiling printed material drawn from the Knox Collection (79-1) and the Race Relations Collection (76-15), both housed in the Department of Archives and Special Collections at The University of Mississippi.

Container List
 
The Klan Ledger. 10 May 1964. photocopied pages.
Scope Note: Broadsheet, official publication of the KKK of Mississippi.
b1f1
The Klan Ledger. April 1965.
b1f1
The Klan Ledger. undated. 5 copies.
 
KKK/Alabama.
b1f2
a. The Fiery Cross. 15 December 1961.
b1f2
b. Broadsheet, "Martin Luther King at Communist Training School". c. 1961.
b1f2
c. The Fiery Cross. 1973.
b1f2
d. The Fiery Cross. undated.
b1f2
e. Broadside, "Save Our Land, Join the Klan". undated.
b1f2
f. Broadside, "The Truth About Black History". undated.
b1f2
g. Broadsheet, "This Symbol has a Future Behind It". undated.
b1f2
h. Membership Application for the KKK. undated.
b1f2
i. Pamphlet, "The Principles of the United Klans of America, Inc.". undated.
b1f2
j. Pamphlet, "An Introduction to the Knight of the Ku Klux Klan". undated.
b1f2
k. Broadsheet, "The Ugly Truth about Martin Luther King". undated.
b1f2
l. Broadsheet, "What Will You Tell Your Children?". undated.
b1f2
m. Broadsheet, "Aren't You Grown-ups Ashamed?". undated.
b1f3
"Preliminary Results of Investigation, Alabama, United Klans of America, Incorporated, Knights of the Ku Klux Klan and Other Klan Organizations," By Richmond M. Flowers, Attorney General of Alabama. 18 October 1965.
 
KKK/Georgia.
b1f4
a. Charter of incorporation for the U. S. Klans, Knights of the Ku Klux Klan, Georgia. 24 October 1955.
b1f4
b. Receipt from Ben W. Fortson, Jr., Secretary of State, Department of State, to Mr. J. J. Cooke for Copy U. S. Klans, Knights of the Ku Klux Klan for $1.50, and 3x5 card with mailing information for National Knights of the Ku Klux Klan, Dekalb County, Georgia. 21 May 1964.
b1f4
c. T. L. S. James R. Venable, KKK, Tucker, Georgia, to "Dear Patriot". 22 June 1965.
b1f4
d. T. L. S. James R. Venable to "Dear Patriot". 10 August 1965.
b1f4
e. Membership card, Clayton County Province. undated.
b1f4
f. Application for Citizenship in the KKK, Tucker, Georgia. undated. 3 copies.
b1f4
g. Broadside, "Wanted for Impeachment, Earl Warren". undated.
b1f4
h. Form letter from the U. S. Klans, Inc., College Park, Georgia, to "Dear Friend". undated.
b1f4
i. Broadside regarding membership in the KKK, signed by James R. Venable, Imperial Wizard of the KKK. undated.
 
KKK/Louisiana.
b1f5
a. Bumper sticker, "Secret Member of the Ku Klux Klan". undated.
b1f5
b. Pamphlet, "Beyond Human Belief". undated.
b1f5
c. Calling card from the KKK, Metairie, Louisiana. undated. 3 copies.
b1f5
d. Fiery Cross. undated.
b1f5
e. Pamphlet, "Abraham Lincoln Speaks". undated.
b1f5
f. Pamphlet, "Race and Integration: Scientists Speak Out". undated. 2 copies.
b1f5
g. Pamphlet, "An Introduction to the Knights of the Ku Klux Klan". undated.
b1f5
h. Pamphlet, "Nightmare". undated.
b1f5
i. Broadside, Membership Application for the Knights of the Ku Klux Klan. undated.
b1f5
j. T. L. S. (copy) David Duke, National Director of the Knights of the Ku Klux Klan, to "Dear Patriot". n. d..
b1f5
k. Broadsheet, "The Truth About David Duke". undated.
b1f5
l. Broadside, "Save Our Land Join the Klan". undated.
b1f5
m. Membership Application for the KKK. undated. 2 copies.
 
KKK/Mississippi.
b1f6
a. T. L. S. Robert Patterson, Secretary of the Citizens' Council, to James J. Cooke, with photocopied pages from KKK, "Twenty Reasons Why You Should Join the KKK in Mississippi," and "A Delta Discussion," undated. 4 June 1964.
b1f6
b. Broadside, "Klan Rally, Only the Truth Will Survive," Pelahatchie Creek. 22 April 1967.
b1f6
c. Pamphlet, "Big Wheels Move the Machinery to Destroy Law and Order of a Great Nation". 12 March 1968.
b1f6
d. Broadside, "United Klans of America Americanism Rally," Biloxi. 28 August 1976.
b1f6
e. Membership application for the KKK, Natchez, Mississippi. undated. 3 copies.
b1f6
f. Pamphlet, "The Principle of the United Klans of America, Knights of the Ku Klux Klan". undated. 4 copies.
b1f6
g. Broadside, "My Fellow American". undated.
b1f6
h. Typed statement from the KKK to "People of Panola County". undated. 2 originals and carbon.
b1f6
i. Pamphlet, "Some Questions that Need Straight Answers". undated.
b1f6
j. Broadside, "Save Our Land, Join the Klan," Brookhaven, Mississippi. undated.
b1f6
k. Broadsheet, "God Commands Racial Segregation". undated.
b1f6
l. Pamphlet, "United Klans of America, Inc., Knights of the Ku Klux Klan, Realm of Mississippi". undated.
b1f6
m. Broadsheet, "Scientists Say Negro Still in Ape Stage". undated.
b1f6
n. Broadsheet, "Aren't You Grown-ups Ashamed". undated. 2 copies.
b1f6
o. Broadside, "Save Our Land, Join the Klan," Olive Branch. undated.
b1f6
p. Broadside, "Save Our Land, Join the Klan," Liberty. undated.
b1f6
q. Pamphlet, "God and Lincoln on Negro-White Marriages". undated.
b1f6
r. Fiery Cross and membership application. undated.
b1f6
s. The Fiery Cross Bulletin. undated.
b1f6
t. Pamphlet, "Seven Symbols of the Klan". undated.
b1f6
u. Pamphlet, "Will the South Unite or Become a Black Communist Satelite [sic]". undated.
b1f6
v. Broadsheet, "Fifty Reasons Why You Should Become a Member of the KKK". undated.
b1f6
w. Pamphlet, "KKK Brings Real Facts to the Surface". undated.
b1f6
x. "Black Guard Organizers Manual," KKK, Jackson, Mississippi. undated.
 
KKK/Maryland, New York, Ohio & Pennsylvania.
b1f7
a. Nightrider, Official publication of the KKK, Realm of New York. July-August 1977.
b1f7
b. Broadside, "KKK Rally," York, Pennsylvania. 13 August 1977.
b1f7
c. Nightrider, Official Publication of the KKK, Realm of New York. October 1977.
b1f7
d. Pamphlet, "The Principle of the Knights of the Ku Klux Klan". undated.
b1f7
e. Broadsheet, "The Symbols of the Klan". undated. 2 copies.
b1f7
f. Calling Card, "You Have Been Patronized by the KKK". undated.
b1f7
g. Broadside, "On the Question of Law and Order". undated.
b1f7
h. Broadside, "Protocols of the Meetings of the Learned Elders of Zion". undated.
b1f7
i. Broadside, "Ground Wanted We Pay Top Prices for KKK Rally". undated.
b1f7
j. Broadside, "Yassah, We Is in Favah of ERA". undated.
 
KKK/Tennessee.
b1f8
Broadside, "Open Meeting of the KKK". 17 October 1965.
b1f8
Calling card, "Dixie Klan, Inc.". undated.
b1f8
Broadside, "Negroes and Whites". undated.
 
KKK/General.
b1f9
a. Poem, "T. W. A. K.: Confederate Mother's Day". 1961.
b1f9
b. Calling card, "Greetings-You Have Been Patronized by the KKK". undated.
b1f9
c. Bumper Sticker, "Kan the Kennedy Klan". undated.
b1f9
d. Application for membership. undated.
b1f9
e. Application for citizenship in the Dixie Klans, Inc.. undated.
b1f9
f. Broadside, "Fifty Reasons Why You Should Be a Member of the KKK". undated.
b1f9
g. Broadside, "The Klan's Answer to Lyndon Johnson". undated.
b1f9
h. Broadside, "To All God Fearing People". undated.
b1f9
i. Broadside, "Invisible Empire Knights of the Ku Klux Klan". undated.
b1f9
j. Pamphlet, "Knights of the KKK: Its Problems, Its Programs, Its Purposes". undated.
b1f9
k. Pamphlet, "Why You Should Become a Klansman". undated.
 
Anti-Defamation League of B'Nai B'Rith publications.
b1f10
a. Facts, "The KKK Revival". November-December 1956.
b1f10
b. Facts, "The KKK in Its Present Phase". February-March 1958.
b1f10
c. Facts, "The Ku Klux Klans". January 1961.
b1f10
d. Facts, "The KKK-1965". May 1965.
b1f11
Clippings re: KKK.
b1f12
Clippings re: KKK.
b1f13
Clippings re: KKK.
b2f1
Imperial Office Newsletter (Alabama). 27 September 1977.
b2f2
The Klansman (Louisiana). May-August 1978. 4 issues.
 
The Crusader (Louisiana). February 1977.
b2f3
Issue # 19.
b2f3
Issue # 23.
b2f3
Issue # 29.
 
The Fiery Cross (Alabama).
b2f4
20 May 1964.
b2f4
1976.
b2f4
1977.
b2f4
1977.
b2f4
1978.
b2f4
1978. 2 copies.
b2f4
No. 13. 1978.
b2f4
July undated.
 
The Fiery Cross (Alabama) (headlines: The UKA in Washington). undated. 3 copies.
b2f5
February Issue.
b2f5
August 1964.
b2f5
Sex and Civil Rights issue. undated.