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Finding-Aid for the Henry T. Gallagher Collection (MUM00558)

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Descriptive Summary
PURL:
http://purl.oclc.org/umarchives/MUM00558/
Creator:
Gallagher, Henry T.
Title:
Henry T. Gallagher Collection.
Inclusive Dates:
1962-2001
Bulk Dates:
1962-1963
Materials in:
English
Abstract:
The collection contains correspondence, photographs, original notes, annotated maps, original broadsides, and original film gathered by Lieutenant Gallagher during the course of his duty in Oxford in the fall of 1962. Although there are a few post-1962 pieces, the bulk of the material is circa 1962-63.
Quantity:
3 boxes.
Number:
MUM00558
Location:
K-8.
Repository :
The University of Mississippi
J.D. Williams Library
Department of Archives and Special Collections
P.O. Box 1848, University, MS 38677-1848, USA
Phone: 662.915.7408
Fax: 662.915.5734
E-Mail: archive@olemiss.edu
URL: http://www.olemiss.edu/depts/general_library/archives/
Cite as:
Henry T. Gallagher Collection (MUM00558). The Department of Archives and Special Collections, J.D. Williams Library, The University of Mississippi.

Historical Note
On Friday, September 28, 1962 the regular U.S. army 716th Military Police Battalion was placed on alert for possible duty in connection with the racial integration of the University of Mississippi by the impending enrollment of James Howard Meredith. Second Lieutenant Henry Gallagher, a recent college graduate from the State of Minnesota, was a platoon leader with the 716th, stationed at Fort Dix, New Jersey. In the early hours of Sunday September 30, 1962 his battalion (650 officers and men) was airlifted to the U.S. Naval Air Station at Millington, Tennessee. Later that evening he was assigned to be the lead vehicle to escort the battalion by convoy from Millington to Oxford, Mississippi during the tumultuous night of the University of Mississippi riot. He would later serve as the principal military security officer for Mr. Meredith from October 1 through late November 1962 as the officer in charge (OIC) of a special security patrol assigned to protect him and any accompanying US. Marshals. He would return to Oxford from March 15 through May 8, 1963.

Scope and Contents Note
The collection contains correspondence, photographs, original notes, annotated maps, original broadsides, and original film gathered by Lieutenant Gallagher during the course of his duty in Oxford in the fall of 1962. Although there are a few post-1962 pieces, the bulk of the material is circa 1962-63.

Restrictions
Access Restrictions
Open.
Use Restriction
The copyright law of the United States (Title 17, United States Code) governs the making of photocopies or other reproductions of copyrighted material. Under certain conditions specified in the law, libraries and archives are authorized to furnish a photocopy or other reproduction. One of these specified conditions is that the photocopy or reproduction is not to be "used for any purpose other than private study, scholarship or research." If a user makes a request for, or later uses, a photocopy or reproduction for purposes in excess of "fair use", that user may be liable for copyright infringement.

Index Terms
University of Mississippi -- History

Container List


Box One
1.1 TD. Undated. "Points/Counterpoints"/ [Henry T. Gallagher]. 3pp. Re: Preparatory notes on the history of 1962 integration of University of Mississippi, possibly prepared for a speech or presentation.
1.2 TMs. October 4, 2001. "Mississippi Recollections"/ Henry T. Gallagher. 43pp. Note: Pre-publication copy. Re: Lieutenant Gallagher's experiences from September 27 through October 12, 1962 surrounding the integration of the University of Mississippi.
1.3 Subject File. 1962. Photocopies from 1962 newspapers and journals originally housed in a folder entitled, "Ole Miss 1962."
1.4 Journal article. November 10, 1962. "My Ordeal in Oxford"/ James Meredith. Saturday Evening Post.
1.5 Photocopies of original 1962 newspaper articles about the integration of the University of Mississippi. Note: The papers originate from Mississippi, Memphis and other parts of the United States. The original clippings are housed in a separate box.
1.6 Post-1962 newspaper clippings about the 1962 integration of the University of Mississippi and its aftermath.
1.7 TD. November 6, 18 and 24, 1962. Headquarters U.S. Army Forces Oxford, Memorandums 1, 5 and 6. Re: Establishment of procedures and policies for use of ball ammunition; establishment of procedures and methods of operation of the Special Security Patrol (Peanut Patrol); and establishment of command and administrative policies and procedures.
1.8 Correspondence, September 30-November 26, 1962; 1989; 1990.
Includes:
TD. September 30, 1962. Confidential order from General Parker to Billingslea [Brigadier General Charles Billingslea, the Army's senior officer for Oxford] 1p. Photocopy. Re: Mentions the discussion between the Secretary of the Army and Katyenback [Deputy Attorney General Nicholas Katzenbach] regarding the Army's need for tear gas, gas masks, and the need for a secure line of communication.
TD. October 1, 1962. Memorandum from Colonel Hacker [Assistant Information Officer at Memphis, TN] to Army War Room [Washington, D.C.]. 1p. Photocopy. Re: The arrival of the 503rd Military Police arrival in Oxford.
TLS. October 17, 1962. From Nicholas Katzenbach [Deputy Attorney General] to Honorable Cyrus R. Vance [Secretary of the Army]. Washington, D.C. 2pp. On United States Department of Justice letterhead. Photocopy. Re: Appreciation of the army's efforts during the 1962 integration of the University of Mississippi and the riot of September 30th; and special mention made of Lieutenant Gallagher's efforts protecting James Meredith.
TLS. October 17, 1962. Emmett T. Brice [Lt. Colonel, MPC] to Second Lieutenant Henry T. Gallagher, Company C. 716th Military Police Battalion. 1p. Photocopy. Re: Letter of appreciation and commendation of Lt. Gallagher's efforts.
ALS. [November 1962]. JH Meredith to Lt. Gallagher. 1p. Photocopy. Note: Original letter is located in Gallagher Collection, Oversize materials, Box 3 Folder 8. Re: Appreciation for Lt. Gallagher's presence and efforts; James Meredith's mission in integration the University of Mississippi.
TLA. November 26, 1962. Lucien F. Keller, Colonel Infantry Commanding to Second Lieutenant Henry T. Gallagher. 1p. Photocopy. Re: Appreciation for Lt. Gallagher's conduct and efficiency in his duty as Officer in Charge, University campus, security patrol, United States Army Task Force Oxford, Oxford, Mississippi for period 30 September to 20 November 1962.
TLS. October 12, 1989. Fragment of letter from James H. Meredith to Mr. Henry T. Gallagher. 1p. Re: James Meredith's work as a Special Assistant to Senator Jesse Helms from North Carolina.
TLS. January 26, 1990. Mr. James H. Meredith to Dr. Edwin J. Feulner, Jr. President, The Heritage Foundation. On United States Senate letterhead. 2pp. Photocopy. Re: Mr. Meredith's work with Senator Jesse Helms as an advisor.

1.9 TD. October 1, 1962. Listing of members of Company "C". 716th Military Police Battalion. Fort Dix, New Jersey. 2pp.
1.10 TD. [1962]. Series of code identifications for the 716th Military Police Battalion. Oxford, MS, University campus, security patrol, United States Army Task Force Oxford, Oxford, Mississippi ("Peanut Patrol"). 1p. Note: This series came into effect after Lt. Gallagher found a map of the campus created by the fraternities. The map had a series of numbers for the buildings. When these numbers were combined with the standard army code series the security patrol was able to communicate over the radio without being understood by outside operators.
1.11 TD. [1962]. "SOI [Signal Operation Instructions]--Operation "Oxford, Miss." 2pp. Re: This document provided the radio frequencies to be used by the University campus, security patrol, United States Army Task Force Oxford, Oxford, Mississippi.
1.12 TD. [1962]. "Special Orders for Area Patrol"/ 716th Military Police Battalion. Oxford, Mississippi. 1p. 6 copies.
1.13 TD. [1962]. "Commanders Orientation"/ USARFOX [U.S. Army, Oxford]. 2pp. Photocopy. Note: Annotated by Henry Gallagher. Re: Mission of the Army in Oxford during 1962; directions on how to handles the media, suppression of violence, general instructions, and security precautions.
1.14 TD. July 19, 1961. "Emergency Employment of Army Resources: Civil Disturbances"/ Headquarters, Department of the Army. Washington, D.C. 3pp. Photocopy.
1.15 Subject Folder. [1963]. Information on and a copy of Lt. Henry T. Gallagher's "Certificate of Achievement" from the United States Army for his command of the special security patrol force for James H. Meredith. Note: See also Collections Photographs Box 37, Folder 5 for image of Lt. Gallagher receiving the award.
1.16 Two original spiral notebooks kept by Second Lieutenant Henry T. Gallagher, 716th Military Police Army Battalion, Company C. during the integration of the University of Mississippi in 1962. Note: These notebooks contain codes, notations on suspicious vehicles and individuals in area, Meredith's fall class schedule, instructions for members of the security patrol under the command of Lt. Gallagher.
1.17 AN. September 30-October 4, 1962. Original set of notes written by Lieutenant Gallagher on the night of the Ole Miss riot and the following days. 6pp. Note: Provides interesting information on how difficult the transport of the 716th was from Millington, TN to Oxford; the attitudes of the students and rioters; the violence, etc.
1.18 Mimeograph. Fall 1962. Original copy of James H. Meredith's fall class schedule at the University of Mississippi. Encapsulated.
1.19 Pamphlet. 1963. Ole Miss Coloring Book/ D. Ross Thompson. Illustrated by Burk Sauls. Re: Propaganda opposing federal intervention at the University of Mississippi in 1962.
1.20 Broadside. [1962]. "Soldiers of America." 1p. Re: The plight of volunteer soldiers in Oxford; the need for democracy and the need for federal authority; and the threat of communism.
1.21 Broadsides. [1962]. Rebel Underground. Volumes I, Number II and Volume III, Number I. Note: volume III was annotated by University of Mississippi professor and author of Integration at Ole Miss, Russell Barrett. The Rebel Underground was an anti-integration and anti-federal intervention publication.
1.22 Article Reprint. February 1, 1964. "Mississippi: 'The Closed Society'"/ James Silver. Note: James Silver was a University of Mississippi professor and author of Mississippi: The Closed Society.
1.23 TDS. 1963. Copy of speech entitled, "Integration at the University of Mississippi." Delivered at the University of Illinois, Navy Pier Chicago/ Dr. Russell Barrett. 4pp.
1.24 TL. And AMs. September 10, 1964. Henry Gallagher's responses to a series of questions from University of Mississippi Professor, Dr. Russell H. Barrett. 11pp. Note: These responses were used as research for Dr. Barrett's book, Integration at Ole Miss (1965).
1.25 Photocopies of inscriptions to Henry Gallagher from Russell Barrett (Integration at Ole Miss (1965)) and James Silver (Mississippi: The Closed Society (1964)).
1.26 Photocopies of original photographs. Original photographs have been moved to Collections Photographs Box 37 (CPB37).

Box Two -- Newspaper Clippings
Contains original newspaper clippings regarding the 1962 integration of the University of Mississippi and its aftermath. Photocopies of the newspaper clippings have been placed in box one.

Box Three - Oversize Materials
3.1 Map. 1962. Maps of Oxford, Mississippi and environs/ Oxford, MS. Chamber of Commerce. 2 copies.
3.2 Map. 1962. University of Mississippi Fraternity Map of the Campus. Note: This map allowed Lt. Gallagher to conduct discreet on-campus surveillance of James Meredith by using radio transmissions that combined the building numbers with the traditional military police radio ten code series. (See Box One, 1.2 TMs.,"Mississippi Recollections", pages 31, 37-38; 1.8 "Correspondence", TLS Katzenbach letter to Vance, special mention. page 2, "worked out a system which was imaginative and ingenious"; 1.10 TD, Series of code identifications...").
3.3 Periodicals. 1962-1964. Periodical articles regarding the 1962 integration of the University of Mississippi.
3.4 Map. 1962. Map of Oxford, Mississippi/T.W. Stallworth. Note: Another map offering a series of numbers and identifications for streets, areas of general interest, schools, and the major subdivisions in Oxford, MS.
3.5 Map. 1948. Copy of the University of Mississippi Plot Plan.
3.6 Map. [1962]. Original annotated map of Oxford, Mississippi and the location of the main highways, buildings and location of USARFOX.
3.7 Aerial Photograph. [1962]. Aerial photograph of Oxford, Mississippi and the campus of the University of Mississippi used as map. Annotated.
3.8 ALS. [November 1962]. JH Meredith to Lt. Gallagher. 1p. Original Framed. Note: Photocopy of letter is located in Gallagher Collection, Box 1, Folder 8. Re: Appreciation for Lt. Gallagher's presence and efforts; James Meredith's mission in integration the University of Mississippi.

Items in Collections Photographs, Box 37 (located in the cold room on the 3rd floor)
CPB37F#1 Color photograph. 2nd Lieutenant Henry Gallagher and unidentified man [possibly Specialist 4th Class John Adams] in jeep on the University of Mississippi campus, 1962. 2.5"x 3.5."
CPB37F#2 Color photograph. James Meredith walking into Peabody Building to a class at the University of Mississippi, 1962. 2.5"x3.5."
CPB37F#3 Photocopy of photograph. Lt. Henry Gallagher. University of Mississippi Campus, 1962.
CPB37F#4 Annotated photocopy of photograph depicting James Meredith walking to class under guard from Baxter Hall. Photograph features Henry Gallagher.
CPB37F#5 Black and white photograph. Henry Gallagher receiving Certificate of Achievement from the Army for his conduct during the integration of the University of Mississippi. 8"x10." July 1963.
CPB37F#6 Black and white photograph. Military police in front of Peabody Building on the University of Mississippi campus. 8"x10." 1962.
CPB37F#7 Black and white photograph. Henry Gallagher and unidentified MP [possibly Specialist 4th Class John Adams] in jeep on the University of Mississippi campus. 8"x10." 1962.
CPB37F#8 Black and white photograph. Henry Gallagher receiving First Lieutenant bars from Camp Commander Col. William B. Rosson while at Camp USAFOX [U.S. Army Forces, Oxford]. 8"x10." March 1963.
CPB37F#9 Black and white photograph. Henry Gallagher seated in jeep on the University of Mississippi campus. 8"x10." October 17, 1962.
CPB37F#10 Black and white photograph. Henry Gallagher and the 716th Military Police's special security force (also known as the "Peanut Patrol"). 8"x10." 1962.
CPB37F#11 Black and white photograph. Henry Gallagher and driver Specialist 4th Class John Adams seated in jeep on the University of Mississippi campus. 8"x10." 1962.

Film/Video

VHS from original 16mm". October 1962. Raw footage from CBS of Henry Gallagher on the campus of the University of Mississippi. Includes shots of James Meredith under guard walking to class and images of him alone. 3 minutes 20 seconds. Note: A major network newsman on campus at that time had extra film and asked if he could film Henry Gallagher and his duties on campus.