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Finding Aid for the Skipwith Revolutionary War Collection (MUM01728)

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Finding Aid for the Skipwith Revolutionary War Collection



Descriptive Summary

PURL: http://purl.oclc.org/umarchives/MUM01728/
Title: Skipwith Revolutionary War Collection
Dates: circa 1776-1824
Collector: Skipwith family
Physical Extent: 2 boxes (.834 linear feet)
Repository: University of Mississippi. Department of Archives and Special Collections. University, MS 38677, USA
Identification: MUM01728
Language of Material: English
Abstract: Materials related to Major-General Nathanael Greene of the Continental Army, including correspondence from notable contemporary figures, including George Washington, John Hancock and Thadeus Kosciuszko.

Administrative Information

Acquisition Information

Donated by Kate Skipwith, descendant of Major General Nathanael Greene.

Processing Information

Collection processed by Archives & Special Collections staff.

Additions

No further additions are expected to this collection.

Alternative Formats

The Skipwith Revolutionary War Collection is available as a digital collection: http://clio.lib.olemiss.edu/cdm/landingpage/collection/skipwith


Subject Terms

United States -- History -- Revolution, 1775-1783
United States -- Continental Army -- Management
Greene, Nathanael, 1742-1786 -- Correspondence
Kościuszko, Tadeusz, 1746-1817 -- Correspondence
Washington, George, 1732-1799 -- Correspondence
Hancock, John, 1737-1793 -- Correspondence
Huger, Isaac, 1742 or 3-1797 -- Correspondence
Campbell, Arthur, 1742-1811 -- Correspondence
Rochambeau, Jean-Baptiste-Donatien de Vimeur, comte de, 1725-1807 -- Correspondence
Livingston, Robert R., 1746-1813 -- Correspondence
Lee, Henry, 1756-1818 -- Correspondence
Troop movements
Military supplies
Military maneuvers


Formats

correspondence
maps
Continental currency
portraits


Scope and Content Note

The Skipwith Revolutionary War Collection consists primarily of the papers of Nathanael Greene, Major-General of the Continental Army. During the latter years of the war, Greene commanded the Southern Army, which had suffered from weaker commanders.

Materials in this collection were donated by Kate Skipwith, a descendant of Greene. Primarily, materials include correspondence from important Revolutionary figures, such as George Washington, John Hancock, Thadeus Kosciuszko and others to General Greene. Topics in these letters include reports of Native American involvement in the War, troop morale, battle descriptions, troop movements and more. Other notable items in this collection include a sheet of Continental currency, a 1777 hand-drawn map of Philadelphia operations, and portraits of Revolutionary figures.


User Information

Prefered Citation

Skipwith Revolutionary War Collection, Archives and Special Collections, J.D. Williams Library, The University of Mississippi

Access Restrictions

The Skipwith Revolutionary War Collection is open for research.

Copyright Restrictions

The copyright law of the United States (Title 17, United States Code) governs the making of photocopies or other reproductions of copyrighted material. Under certain conditions specified in the law, libraries and archives are authorized to furnish a photocopy or other reproduction. One of these specified conditions is that the photocopy or reproduction is not to be "used for any purpose other than private study, scholarship or research." If a user makes a request for, or later uses, a photocopy or reproduction for purposes in excess of "fair use", that user may be liable for copyright infringement.


Related Material

Resources at the University of Mississippi

The Skipwith Revolutionary War Collection is available as a digital collection: http://clio.lib.olemiss.edu/cdm/landingpage/collection/skipwith

For additional 18th-century political materials, see the Politics and Government subject guide.


Separated Material

ADS. 1868, holograph version of lease of the Mississippi State Penitentiary to Edmund Richardson of Jackson, Mississippi. this folder was removed and is stored in Small Manuscripts 1992.1

Folders 1.32-1.35 have been removed to the collection folder as administrative materials concerning the collection's duplication for the Library of Congress.


Arrangement

Most original documents are housed prior their transcripts; however, Folder 1.53 contains an original document, prior to its typed counterpart.


Container List

Original documents are digitally available at http://clio.lib.olemiss.edu/cdm/landingpage/collection/skipwith

1.1 Typed versions of most of the letters in the collection, inventory prepared by the Library of Congress, inventory of entire collection prepared by University of Mississippi; this folder was removed and is stored in box 2
1.2 John Hancock, Pres. [Continental Congress] to Hon. Major General [Nathaniel] Greene, 15 November 1776 (Philadelphia)
Scope: Hancock acknowledges the receipt of an intelligence report from the General, and has passed along the information to Virginia and South Carolina.
1.3 Holograph Map, 1777. "A Plan of the Operations of the British & Rebel Army in the Campaign 1777"
1.4 List of Commissioned Officers in the 17 January 1781 Battle of Cowpens, signed by [Edward or Estis] Giles, Major and Acting Aid de camp, 19 January 1781
1.5 George Washington to Major General Greene, 29 January 1783 (Headquarters . Newburgh)
Scope: Washington discusses possible scenarios concerning British capture of territory; continues by discussing his interest in the upcoming discussion in between Parliament and King George III as well as Richard Oswald's use of the phrase "United States of America"
1.6 Col. Arthur Campbell to Gen. N[athaniel] Greene, 8 February 1781 (Washington in Virg.)
Scope: Colonel Campbell reports the defection of Cherokee Indians from the American interests, and the conditions of the Cherokee camps. He also includes a copy of his attempts at a peace negotiation. Major [Joseph] Martin is cited as the Agent of Indian Affairs for Virginia.
1.7 Is[aac] Huger to General Greene, 8 February 1781 (Gilford Court House)
Scope: General Huger reports that the Army has arrived, but that Lt. Colonel [Henry] Lee is still en route. Due to a miscommunication, Captain Smith and a cargo of 600 shirts and 300 pair of shoes were sent away from camp. Colonel Kosciusko has arrived. General Lillington is on his way with hogs, as is General Marion, having just defeated the British at [Fort] Watson, (S.C.).
1.8 Henry Lee to Gen. Greene, 2 April 1781
Scope: Lee sympathizes with Greene for having less-than-motivated troops, and suggests some improvements that could be made to increase morale among the men. He also suggests appealing to the public's sense of patriotism.
1.9 Arthur Campbell to General Greene, 2 August 1781 (Long Island, N.Y.)
Scope: Campbell reports a pacific disposition among those forming the treaty, and expects that the Mountain Militia will soon be able to redeploy their resources toward Greene's position. He suggests that Continental Garrisons be erected in Indian territory along with land transfer as punishment for their aggression.
1.10 Rob[ert] R. Livingston to Hon. Maj. Gen. Greene, 22 October 1781 (Philadelphia)
Scope: Livingston, Secretary for Foreign Affairs, opens a correspondance with Greene in order to hear first hand of Greene's victories on the battlefield which can be used in conversation & foreign affairs. He also reports that twenty-six ships and 5000 land forces have left New York to attempt to relieve General Cornwallis.
1.11 David Ramsay to Sir. [General Greene], 9 June 1782 (Philadelphia)
Scope: Ramsay acknowledges that Greene's unit would be in better spirits if they had more to keep them busy. He reports discussions from Congress about supplies, recent developments near Jamaica, and updates on various familiar names. He also mentions the popularity of George Washington.
1.12-13 Anthony Wayne to his Honor Major General Greene, 24 June 1782 (Sharon five miles from Savannah)
Scope: Wayne reports a battle between Col. Posey's battalion and a large number of Creek Indians who had combined forces with the British Army to conduct a surprise attack. The battalion held its own, and won several British trophies, mostly horses, but did lose a number of men in Cavalry, Infantry, and Artillery.
1.14 [Xerox copy of Folder 19] September 178[3] Speech by Nathaniel Greene to the inhabitants of Baltimore; also included is copy of an engraving of Nathaniel Greene with copy of signature
1.15 Count de Rochambeau to [Governor Garrison], 26 June 1782 (Williamsburg)
Scope: Rochambeau relays the poor reception of Carleton's proposition to the Congress, discusses details of intelligence, and announces the intent of the French to join
1.16-17 Thad[eus] Kosciuszko to Honorable Major General Greene, 18 November 1782
Scope: Kosciuszko recounts the Battle of James Island (S.C.) [referenced in the letter as John's Island] where the Patriots were outnumbered by the British, and where Capt. [William] Willmott was mortally wounded.
1.18 Resolution by Francis Sharp Honorable Major General Greene’s Services, 12 August 1783 (In the Senate)
Scope: Resolution of the Senate of South Carolina commending Greene for his service in the Southern department, to be presented by the Governor, signed by Francis Sharp, President of the Senate of South Carolina.
1.19 Speech of Nathaniel Greene to the inhabitants of Baltimore, September 178[3]
Scope: Greene is flattered by the kindness of the people of Baltimore upon his return from the front lines.
Note: Xerox copy of this speech in Folder 14
1.20 L. Tucker to Mrs. Cornelia L. Littlefield (his sister), 31 March 1824 (Williamsburg)
Scope: A woman, [possibly Louisa Catharine Greene, daughter of Nathanael Greene], writes to her sister, Cornelia L. Littlefield. Hers is a life with many medical hardships, both her own and those of her family and friends. She asks for news of other family members.
1.21 Wax impression of George Washington’s Seal
1.22 Copy of Portrait of Brigadier General Isaac Huger
1.23 Money coupons in varying amounts, 11 April 1778
Scope: Continental currency denominated in Spanish dollars by the United States in increments of forty dollars, thirty dollars, and seven dollars. Includes a serial number and official signature.
1.24 Portrait of Major General Nathaniel Greene with signature
Note: Copy of this portrait in Folder 14
1.25 Portrait of Robert R. Livingston with signature
1.26 Portrait of Thad[eus] Kosciuszko
1.27 Portrait of Henry Lee with signature
1.28 Portrait of George Washington
1.29 Portrait of John Hancock with signature
1.30 Portrait of Brigadier General Anthony Wayne
1.31 Portrait of David Ramsay, m.d
1.32-35 Administrative materials
Separated Material: Removed to collection folder
1.36 Typed version of letter in folder 1.2 : John Hancock, Pres. [Continental Congress] to Hon. Major General [Nathaniel] Greene, 15 November 1776
1.37-38 Typed version of item in folder 1.4 : List of Commissioned Officers in the 17 January 1781 Battle of Cowpens, signed by [Edward or Estis] Giles, Major and Acting Aid de camp, 19 January 1781
1.39 Typed version of item in folder 1.6 : Col. Arthur Campbell to Gen. N[athaniel] Greene, 8 February 1781 (Washington in Virg.)
1.40 Typed version of item in folder 1.7 : Is[aac] Huger to General Greene, 8 February 1781 (Gilford Court House)
1.41 Typed version of item in folder 1.8 : Henry Lee to Gen. Greene, 2 April 1781
1.42 Typed version of item in folder 1.9 : Arthur Campbell to General Greene, 2 August 1781 (Long Island, N.Y.)
1.43 Typed version of item in folder 1.10 : Rob[ert] R. Livingston to Hon. Maj. Gen. Greene, 22 October 1781 (Philadelphia)
1.44 Typed version of item in folder 1.11 : David Ramsay to Sir. [General Greene], 9 June 1782 (Philadelphia)
1.45 Typed version of item in folder 1.12-13 : Anthony Wayne to his Honor Major General Greene24 June 1782 (Sharon five miles from Savannah)
1.46 Typed version of item in folder 1.15 : Count de Rochambeau to [Governor Garrison], 26 June 1782 (Williamsburg)
1.47 Typed version of item in folder 1.16-17 : Thad[eus] Kosciuszko to Honorable Major General Greene, 18 November 1782
1.48 Typed version of item in folder 1.53 : Headquarters)Nath[aniel] Greene to Dr. Oliphant, Dept Director of the General Hospital for Army, 21 December 1782
1.49 Typed version of item in folder 1.5 : George Washington to Major General Greene, 29 January 1783 (Headquarters . Newburgh)
1.50 Typed version of item in folder 1.18 : Resolution by Francis Sharp Honorable Major General Greene’s Services, 12 August 1783 (In the Senate)
1.51 Typed version of item in folder 1.19 : Speech of Nathaniel Greene to the inhabitants of Baltimore, September 178[3]
1.52 Biographical Sketches of Individuals in this collection from New Standard Encyclopedia Funk & Wagnalls
1.53 Nath[aniel] Greene to Dr. Oliphant, Dept Director of the General Hospital for Army, 21 December 1782 (Headquarters)
Scope: Greene authorizes Oliphant to grant forage for the Army's General Hospital.
1.54 Typed versions of 9 of the letters and other documents within the collection
2 User Copies of all items in Box 1

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