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See also:
* Writer News:
Ole Miss library features Tennessee Williams exhibition
(April 10, 2002)
Ninth book conference to focus on Tennessee Williams
(Feb. 14, 2002)
'Lost' Tennessee Williams play to be staged in U.K.
(June 10, 1997)
   
* Book Info:
The Undiscovered Country: The Later Plays of Tennessee Williams
(November 2002)
The Selected Letters of Tennessee Williams, Vol. 1, 1920-1945
(September 2002)
The Collected Poems of Tennessee Williams
(April 2002)
Tennessee Williams and the South, by Kenneth W. Holditch and Richard Freeman Leavitt
(April 2002)
The Selected Letters of Tennessee Williams, Vol. 1, 1920-1945
(November 2000)
Not About Nightingales
(June 1998)
The Glass Menagerie
(March 1998)
The Notebook of Trigorin: A Free Adaptation of Anton Chekhov's The Sea Gull
(November 1997)
 

 



Tennessee Williams
Tennessee Williams

Tennessee Williams

One of America’s greatest playwrights, and certainly the greatest ever from the South, Tennessee Williams wrote fiction and motion picture screenplays, but he is acclaimed primarily for his plays—nearly all of which are set in the South, but which at their best rise above regionalism to approach universal themes.

Thomas Lanier Williams was born in Columbus, Mississippi, on March 26, 1911, the first son and second child of Cornelius Coffin and Edwina Dakin Williams. His mother, the daughter of a minister, was of genteel upbringing, while his father, a shoe salesman, came from a prestigious Tennessee family which included the state’s first governor and first senator. The family lived for several years in Clarksdale, Mississippi, before moving to St. Louis in 1918. At the age of 16, he encountered his first brush with the publishing world when he won third prize and received $5 for an essay, “Can a Good Wife Be a Good Sport?,” in Smart Set. A year later, he published “The Vengeance of Nitocris” in Weird Tales. In 1929, he entered the University of Missouri. His success there was dubious, and in 1931 he began work for a St. Louis shoe company. It was six years later when his first play, Cairo, Shanghai, Bombay, was produced in Memphis, in many respects the true beginning of his literary and stage career.

Building upon the experience he gained with his first production, Williams had two of his plays, Candles to the Sun and The Fugitive Kind, produced by Mummers of St. Louis in 1937. After a brief encounter with enrollment at Washington University, St. Louis, he entered the University of Iowa and graduated in 1938. As the second World War loomed over the horizon, Williams found a bit of fame when he won the Group Theater prize of $100 for American Blues and received a $1,000 grant from the Authors’ League of America in 1939. Battle of Angels was produced in Boston a year later. Near the close of the war in 1944, what many consider to be his finest play, The Glass Menagerie, had a very successful run in Chicago and a year later burst its way onto Broadway. Containing autobiographical elements from both his days in St. Louis as well as from his family’s past in Mississippi, the play won the New York Drama Critics’ Circle award as the best play of the season. Williams, at the age of 34, had etched an indelible mark among the public and among his peers.

Following the critical acclaim over The Glass Menagerie, over the next eight years he found homes for A Streetcar Named Desire, Summer and Smoke, A Rose Tattoo, and Camino Real on Broadway. Although his reputation on Broadway continued to zenith, particularly upon receiving his first Pulitzer Prize in 1948 for Streetcar, Williams reached a larger world-wide public in 1950 when The Glass Menagerie and again in 1951 when A Streetcar Named Desire were made into motion pictures. Williams had now achieved a fame few playwrights of his day could equal.

Over the next thirty years, dividing his time between homes in Key West, New Orleans, and New York, his reputation continued to grow and he saw many more of his works produced on Broadway and made into films, including such works as Cat on a Hot Tin Roof (for which he earned a second Pulitzer Prize in 1955), Orpheus Descending, and Night of the Iguana. There is little doubt that as a playwright, fiction writer, poet, and essayist, Williams helped transform the contemporary idea of the Southern literature. However, as a Southerner he not only helped to pave the way for other writers, but also helped the South find a strong voice in those auspices where before it had only been heard as a whisper. Williams died on February 24, 1983, at the Hotel Elysée in New York City.


Related Links & Info
First home of Tennessee Williams
First home of Tennessee Williams in Columbus, Mississippi

Clarksdale web site

Tennessee Williams at work
More biographical and critical information about Williams at Gateway New Orleans




Tennessee Williams Stamp
The U.S. Postal Service honored Williams on a stamp in 1994. Click on image for larger view.


Williams in Key West
Williams in Key West, 1980, by Mario Aijane; one of the photographs, letters, manuscripts, typescripts, annotated books, miscellaneous artworks, and ephemera acquired in 1995 by Columbia University

Baby Doll Movie Poster

Baby Doll is one of several Tennessee Williams movies named the 100 greatest films at Filmsite.

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